Serbian name
Novi Sad
Former name
Hungarian name
Slovak name
German name
English description
Jews began settling in the first half of the 18th century in the territory of Novi Sad (then called Petrovaradin Šanac). The first synagogue was built in 1717. The old Jewish cemetery was founded in 1717 and was located on the corner of today's Boulevard Mihailo Pupin and Kralja Aleksandra Street.The decree of the Hevra Kadisha was officially approved in 1729. The Jewish community was recognized as the official administrative authority and religious organization of the Jews in the city in 1749. The new cemetery, that still exists, was founded in the early 19th century and the new chapel on the north edge of the cemetery was dedicated in 1905. The fifth synagogue, monumental synagogue was inaugurated in 1909. It was part of a larger architectural complex which included an elementary school and a building for municipal officials. Between the two wars the Jewish community reached its peak; the Jewish Cultural Center, the Jewish Home for the Elderly and Orphans, the Jewish kindergarten were established, several weekly newspapers were published. Out of the pre-World War II Jewish population of Novi Sad of 4,350, only 754 survived the Holocaust. After the war, the Jewish community renewed its work and has been active till the present day.
Davor Stipić, ''U borbi protiv zaborava: Jevrejska zajednica u Jugoslaviji i očuvanje sećanja na Holokaust 1945-1955,'' Godišnjak za društvenu istoriju 2 (2016): 91-121. Kristijan Obšust, ''Istorijska groblja Novog Sada i Petrovaradina kao prostori sećanja,'' Kultura secanja, Otkrivena spomen ploca zrtvama Novosadske racije, O nama JONS.

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