City Name Address Year unveiled Year renovated Image Description
Bačka Palanka Memorial to the Victims of Fascism at the Jewish Cemetery 161 Svetozara Miletića Street 1955 The memorial to the victims was unveiled in the Jewish Cemetery on October 20, 1955. The erection of the monument was initiated by the Jewish community of Bačka Palanka and the Association of Fighters of the National Liberation War. The monument is decorated with traditional Jewish motifs: Magen David, Menorah, and Ner Tamid (the Eternal Light). The inscription commemorates fallen Jewish fighters and Jewish victims of fascist terror. The inscription in Hebrew commemorates the victims of fascism 1941-1945, 'יזכרם אלהינו לטובה עם שאר צדיקי עולם' (May our Lord remember them for good, together with the other righteous of the world), a verse from the memorial prayer Av HaRahamim (Father of Compassion). Av HaRahamim is praying for all souls of Jewish martyrs and it was written at the end of the 11th century, after the destruction of the Ashkenazi communities along the Rhine River in Germany during the First Crusade. Below are the lyrics from a poem by Aleksa Šantić (1868-1924) 'My Night' ... ''My night when will you pass me? - Never! My dear when will you come to me? - Never!'. Šantić poem, in which he merged melancholy, pain, and disappointment reflects the prevailing zeitgeist of the period. On the steps of the monument are verses from Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj's poem "Svetli grobovi" [Bright Graves]. ‘Where I stopped – you will go!’; ‘What I couldn’t – you will do!’; ‘Where I couldn’t – you’ll arrive!’; ‘Whatever we owe – you pay it off!’ The poem seeks to construct an image of the Serbian national past in the romantic key, turning the motif of sacred graves into the core of a national’ identity. It speaks of the promise of the descendants to continue what their ancestors began, the continuous sacrifice of many generations for the noble cause, and a hard but glorious past which helps new generations to find the right path into the future. Zmaj therefore does not depict the graveyard as a place for the dead but as a cradle of a new life. On the horizontal part of the monument is a memorial plaque with a five-pointed star and the inscription in Serbian that commemorates the Jews of '... Bačka Palanka and the surrounding areas fallen freedom fighters and victims of fascist terror.' The diversity of the inscriptions on the memorial clearly indicates that the initiators attempt to communicate with the wider population, about Jewish suffering during World War II.
Bačka Palanka Memorial plaque marking the place where the synagogue once stood 62 Žarka Zrenjanina Street 2007 The synagogue was demolished in 1956. On April 29, 2007, on the site where the synagogue once stood, was unveiled a memorial plaque commemorating the synagogue and the tragic death of the majority of the Bačka Palanka Jews by the fascists in the Holocaust. It is comprised of the memorial plaque standing on a low pedestal. The initiative for the erection of this monument came from Rachel Frisch from Israel, who is a daughter of Jakob Eugene Gross, the community's last rabbi. The inscription on the plaque (in Serbian and Hebrew) commemorates the destroyed synagogue and the tragic death of the majority of the Bačka Palanka Jews in the Holocaust. It also mentions 37 Jews who survived the war and immigrated to Israel in 1948 together with their rabbi Jakob Gross.
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